Best Fertilizer for a Buffalograss Lawn (Buffalo Grass Tips)

When it comes to having a vibrant and low-maintenance lawn, buffalograss is an excellent option. However, achieving a lush buffalograss lawn requires more than just regular watering and mowing. It also requires the right fertilizer.

Choosing the best fertilizer for buffalo grass can be a daunting task, especially if you’re new to lawn care. In this section, we will discuss the best fertilizer options for buffalograss lawns and offer tips on how to achieve a healthy and vibrant lawn.

Key Takeaways:

  • Choosing the right fertilizer is crucial for achieving a lush buffalograss lawn.
  • Buffalograss requires less maintenance than other lawn types, but the right fertilizer is still needed to keep it healthy.
  • Early spring is the best time to fertilize buffalograss.
  • Consider your soil type when selecting the best fertilizer for your buffalograss lawn.
  • Slow-release fertilizers are ideal for long-term nutrient supply in a buffalograss lawn.

Understanding Buffalo Grass and Its Unique Needs

Buffalo grass is a popular choice for homeowners seeking a low-maintenance lawn that requires minimal watering and mowing. This grass species is typically found in the Great Plains region of the United States and is highly adaptable to varying soil types and weather conditions.

The growing season for buffalo grass typically extends from late spring to fall, but this can vary depending on the climate and region. As a warm-season grass, buffalo grass experiences optimal growth in temperatures between 60 and 95 degrees Fahrenheit.

One of the most significant benefits of buffalo grass is its drought tolerance, making it well-suited for regions prone to dry spells and extended periods of little rainfall. This grass species can remain green and healthy even in drought conditions, making it an excellent choice for homeowners looking for a more sustainable lawn alternative.

When selecting a fertilizer for buffalo grass, it’s crucial to consider the soil type. Buffalo grass grows best in low-nutrient soils, making it well-suited for sandy or clay soils. Additionally, buffalo grass is relatively intolerant of nitrogen, so over-fertilization can lead to poor growth and an unhealthy lawn.

Table 1: Soil Types Suitable for Buffalo Grass

Soil Type Characteristics
Sandy Soil Low nutrient content, well-draining
Clay Soil Heavy soil, slow-draining, high nutrient content
Local Soil Varies depending on region and climate

In areas where the soil type is less suited for buffalo grass, supplementing with additional nutrients and water may be necessary. Additionally, homeowners should adjust their watering frequency and amount depending on the season and weather conditions to ensure a healthy and vibrant lawn.

Best Time to Fertilize Buffalo Grass: Early Spring

If you’re wondering when to fertilize buffalo grass, the answer is simple: early spring. This is the best time to apply fertilizer to your buffalo grass lawn. At this time, your lawn will have started to come out of dormancy and resumed growth. Early spring fertilization will provide the nutrients your buffalo grass needs to develop a deep root system, improve its overall health and enhance its natural green color.

Early spring fertilization also allows pre-emergent herbicides to be applied, which will help control weeds in your lawn.

Applying pre-emergent herbicides can be a little tricky as timing is essential. Applying them too early or too late can reduce their effectiveness. The ideal time to apply pre-emergent herbicides is when soil temperatures are between 55-65℉.

Therefore, early spring is not only the best time for fertilization, but it’s also the best time to use pre-emergent herbicides and control weeds in your buffalo grass.

Ensure to follow the guidelines for your particular fertilizer and pre-emergent herbicide. By doing so, you’ll help your buffalo grass lawn develop strong roots and a healthy appearance that will last throughout the summer and into the fall.

Choosing the Right Fertilizer for Buffalo Grass: Consider Soil Type

Choosing the right fertilizer for your buffalo grass lawn can be overwhelming, but understanding the soil type is crucial. Different soils have different nutrient requirements that need to be met for optimal buffalo grass growth.

If you have sandy soil, look for a fertilizer that is high in phosphorus and potassium. Sandy soils can’t hold on to nutrients, and these key nutrients help promote root growth and drought tolerance. Opt for a slow-release fertilizer that will slowly release nutrients throughout the growing season, ensuring your buffalo grass gets the nourishment it needs.

For clay soils, a fertilizer high in nitrogen is ideal. Clay soils can hold nutrients better than sandy soils, but drainage can be an issue. A nitrogen-filled fertilizer promotes grass growth and helps aerate the soil, allowing water to penetrate more effectively. During fertilization, be sure to water the lawn deeply to prevent fertilizer burn.

Local soils can also affect buffalo grass growth. To ensure you’re choosing the right fertilizer, take a soil sample to your local nursery or agricultural extension office for analysis.

sandy soil

Figure 4.1: High-Phosphorus and potassium fertilizers are excellent choices for buffalo grass growing in sandy soils.

Slow-Release Fertilizers for Long-Term Nutrient Supply

While many fertilizers deliver nutrients all at once, slow-release fertilizers provide a longer-term solution for maintaining a healthy buffalograss lawn. These fertilizers supply nutrients over an extended period, ensuring consistent growth throughout the growing season, with less risk of over-fertilization or burnout.

Slow-release fertilizers are especially useful for buffalograss, given its long growing season and unique nutrient requirements. With these fertilizers, you can achieve the best results and maintain a lush and low-maintenance buffalo grass lawn.

Some of the benefits of using slow-release fertilizers include:

  • A steady, constant supply of nutrients for your buffalograss lawn.
  • Less risk of over-fertilization, burnout, and environmental pollution.
  • Savings in time and money, since you won’t have to fertilize as often.

There are various types of slow-release fertilizers to choose from, such as coated fertilizers, slow-release granular fertilizers, and organic fertilizers. Consult with your local garden center or agronomist to determine the best option for your buffalo grass lawn.

Comparison of slow-release fertilizers for buffalo grass
Fertilizer Type Advantages Disadvantages
Coated Fertilizers Long-lasting nutrient release, ideal for sandy soils May be more expensive than other types of fertilizers
Slow-Release Granular Fertilizers Slow, consistent nutrient release, cost-effective May not last as long as coated fertilizers, less suitable for sandy soils
Organic Fertilizers Natural, slow-releasing, environmentally friendly Nutrient concentrations may be lower, more challenging to find in some areas

Slow-release fertilizers are an excellent option for achieving the best results in a buffalograss lawn throughout the growing season. By choosing the right slow-release fertilizer, you can provide your buffalo grass with a consistent, long-term nutrient supply and maintain a lush and low-maintenance lawn.

Supplemental Water and Fertilizer for Buffalo Grass in Sandy Soils

Sandy soils are often poor in nutrients, and buffalograss lawns growing in these types of soil may need supplemental watering and fertilization to stay lush and green.

The best way to supplement water is through regular deep watering to help roots grow deep and make the most out of rainfall. Generally, buffalograss needs an inch of water per week during the growing season, but sandy soils may require more frequent watering of smaller amounts to prevent runoff and overwatering.

Best Fertilizers for Buffalo Grass in Sandy Soils

When it comes to fertilizer, buffalograss in sandy soils requires a well-balanced product with sufficient nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium. Quick-release fertilizers are ideal for sandy soils because they rapidly dissolve and make nutrients immediately available to the grass.

Note: Always read and follow the instructions on the packaging to avoid over-fertilizing.

Fertilizer Type Benefits
Organic Fertilizer Slow-release and environmentally friendly
Synthetic Fertilizer Quick-release and readily available nutrients
Blended Fertilizer A mix of organic and synthetic to combine their benefits

If applying the fertilizer by hand or broadcast spreader, apply it thinly and evenly to avoid creating hotspots that can burn the grass. Be sure to water the lawn thoroughly after applying fertilizer to help it take in the nutrients and avoid the nitrogen from vaporizing.

Tip: A soil test can help you determine the ideal types and amounts of fertilizer needed for buffalograss in your sandy soil.

Supplemental watering and fertilization can help buffalograss thrive in sandy soils. With careful attention and the right products, you can enjoy a healthy and vibrant buffalograss lawn.

Maintaining a Healthy Buffalo Grass Lawn: Lawn Fertilizer Tips

Keeping your buffalo grass lawn healthy and lush requires appropriate fertilization practices and regular maintenance. While buffalograss lawns don’t require as much fertilization as other grass types, choosing the right lawn fertilizers and applying them at the right time can help maintain your lawn’s health and beauty.

Choosing the Right Lawn Fertilizers

Choosing the right lawn fertilizer is essential for a healthy buffalo grass lawn. Consider using slow-release fertilizers that can provide a steady supply of nutrients throughout the growing season. Also, be sure to choose fertilizers that are suitable for buffalo grass lawns and take soil type into account. Fertilizers designed for sandy soils may not work as well for clay soils, and vice versa.

Tip: Look for fertilizers with lower nitrogen content. Over-fertilizing with nitrogen can cause excessive growth and require more frequent mowing, which can cause stress on the grass.

Weed Control Strategies

While buffalo grass is known for its excellent weed resistance, some weeds may still find their way onto your lawn. To control weeds, be sure to use pre-emergent herbicides before they have a chance to sprout. You can also manually remove any weeds that appear by hand weeding or using a weeding tool. It’s essential to avoid using herbicides that can damage buffalo grass, so choose carefully and follow directions.

The Importance of Frequent Mowing

Frequent mowing is crucial for maintaining a healthy buffalo grass lawn. Mowing helps promote healthy grass growth and prevents weeds and other unwanted plants from establishing themselves in your lawn. During the growing season, aim to mow your lawn at least once a week.

Promoting Healthy Grass Growth

Buffalo grass lawn requires less water than other grass types, but it still needs some supplemental water during hot and dry periods. Make sure to water your lawn deeply and infrequently to promote healthy root growth. Additionally, avoid mowing your lawn too short, as this can stress the grass and make it more susceptible to disease and insect damage.

With these lawn fertilizer tips, you can maintain a healthy and vibrant buffalo grass lawn while minimizing the time and effort required for maintenance.

Fertilizing Buffalo Grass in Late Spring and Early Fall

In addition to early spring, late spring and early fall are two vital periods for fertilizing buffalo grass. Fertilizing at this time ensures that the grass receives enough nutrients during its active growing season, resulting in healthy and vibrant buffalo grass.

During these seasons, it’s best to use slow-release fertilizers, as they provide long-term, sustained feeding throughout the growing season. When choosing fertilizers, consider the specific needs of your soil type and the grass type to ensure that you select the best choices for your buffalo grass.

Best Fertilizer Choices for Late Spring and Early Fall

Fertilizers Specifics
Scotts Turf Builder Bonus S Southern High in nitrogen and potassium, ideal for sandy soils and drought conditions
Jonathan Green’s Mag-I-Cal Plus Soil Food Excellent for acidic soils, promotes rapid turf growth, and adds calcium and magnesium
Pennington UltraGreen Lawn Fertilizer Provides up to three months of feeding, controls weeds for a beautiful buffalo grass lawn
Anderson’s Turf Products 21-0-4 Turf Fertilizer Fortified with iron and magnesium, perfect for buffalo grass in alkaline soils

Remember, late spring and early fall are excellent times for fertilizing buffalo grass, ensuring a healthy and thriving lawn. Avoid fertilizing during the dormant season, as this can damage the grass and lead to dead patches.

Buffalo Grass Maintenance in Extreme Heat and Drought Conditions

Buffalograss is a popular choice for its excellent drought tolerance and easy maintenance. However, during periods of extreme heat and drought conditions, buffalograss may require additional care and attention to keep it thriving.

One essential maintenance tip is to provide supplemental water to keep your buffalograss lawn healthy during dry spells. The frequency and amount of watering may vary depending on the severity of the drought conditions, but it’s advisable to water deeply and infrequently to encourage deep root growth.

Another valuable tip is adjusting the watering frequency to conserve water during drought conditions. By gradually reducing the frequency of watering, your buffalograss lawn can adapt and continue to thrive even with less water.

In addition to supplemental water, choosing the right fertilizers can also help bolster the health and resilience of your buffalograss lawn during extreme heat and drought conditions. Slow-release fertilizers are particularly useful in providing a steady and continuous supply of nutrients throughout the growing season.

Overall, maintenance is crucial for maintaining a healthy buffalograss lawn during extreme heat and drought conditions. With the right care and attention, your buffalograss lawn can withstand even the toughest weather conditions and remain lush and green throughout the year.

Buffalo Grass: A Low-Maintenance Lawn Option

If you are looking for a low-maintenance lawn option, buffalo grass is an excellent choice. Buffalo grass requires less watering and mowing than traditional turfgrasses, making it ideal for both golf courses and home lawns. Not only is it low maintenance, but it also has a beautiful texture and appearance, making it an attractive addition to any landscape.

One of the benefits of a buffalograss lawn is that it requires less water than other grass types. In fact, it can survive on as little as 1 inch of water per week, making it a great option for dry climates or areas with water restrictions.

To ensure that your buffalograss lawn remains healthy and lush, it’s essential to fertilize it appropriately. Choose a slow-release fertilizer that will provide a steady and consistent supply of nutrients throughout the growing season. For best results, fertilize in early spring, late spring, and early fall.

When planting buffalo grass, it’s essential to prepare the soil properly. Buffalo grass prefers well-drained soils and does not do well in clay or compacted soils. Whether you are planting a new buffalograss lawn or maintaining an existing one, regular soil testing can help you determine what nutrients your lawn needs and how to adjust your fertilization practices accordingly.

Buffalo grass lawn

Golf Courses and Buffalo Grass

Buffalo grass is becoming an increasingly popular choice for golf courses because of its low maintenance and water requirements. Many golf courses have switched to buffalograss greens and fairways to save water and reduce maintenance costs. Buffalo grass provides excellent playing conditions, and golfers love the unique texture and appearance of the grass.

Low Maintenance, High Rewards

Overall, a buffalograss lawn is an excellent option for those looking for a low-maintenance but attractive lawn option. By fertilizing appropriately and following proper soil preparation techniques, you can achieve a healthy and vibrant buffalograss lawn with minimal effort.


Buffalo grass is an excellent option for those seeking a low-maintenance lawn. To achieve a lush and vibrant buffalograss lawn, selecting the best fertilizer is crucial. By understanding the unique requirements of buffalo grass and following appropriate fertilization practices, you can enjoy a beautiful lawn throughout the growing season.

When it comes to choosing the best fertilizer for buffalo grass, consider your soil type and opt for slow-release fertilizers for long-term nutrient supply. Keep in mind that early spring is the ideal time to fertilize buffalo grass, and late spring and early fall are also crucial periods for optimal growth.

Remember that buffalograss lawn types are highly tolerant of drought conditions, but supplemental watering can help maintain a lush appearance during extreme heat. Regular mowing, weed control, and promoting healthy grass growth are also essential for maintaining a healthy buffalo grass lawn.

Overall, with the right fertilizer and maintenance tips, a lush and low-maintenance buffalo grass lawn can be achieved in a variety of settings, from golf courses to home lawns. So, don’t hesitate to choose buffalo grass as your lawn option and enjoy a beautiful, low-maintenance lawn.


What is the best fertilizer for a buffalograss lawn?

The best fertilizer for a buffalograss lawn is a slow-release fertiliser that provides essential nutrients over an extended period. Look for fertilisers specifically formulated for warm-season grasses like buffalo grass.

How often should I fertilize my buffalograss lawn?

For the best results, it is recommended to fertilize your buffalograss lawn once in early spring and then again in late spring or early summer. A third application in early fall may be beneficial, especially in regions with longer growing seasons.

Can I use pre-emergent herbicides on my buffalograss lawn?

Pre-emergent herbicides can be used on buffalograss lawns to control weeds. However, it is important to choose herbicides specifically labeled for use on buffalo grass to ensure safety and effectiveness.

What should I consider when choosing a fertilizer for my buffalograss lawn?

When choosing a fertilizer for your buffalograss lawn, consider your soil type. Sandy soils may require fertilizers with higher nitrogen content, while clay soils may benefit from fertilizers with higher phosphorus content. Test your soil or consult a professional for specific recommendations.

Are there any slow-release fertilizers recommended for buffalograss lawns?

Yes, slow-release fertilizers are highly recommended for buffalograss lawns. They provide a steady supply of nutrients throughout the growing season, promoting healthy growth and minimizing the risk of over-fertilization.

How can I maintain a healthy buffalograss lawn?

To maintain a healthy buffalograss lawn, choose fertilizers specifically formulated for buffalo grass, practice regular weed control, mow frequently but avoid scalping, and ensure the lawn receives the recommended amount of water.

When is the best time to fertilize buffalo grass?

The best time to fertilize buffalo grass is in early spring when the grass starts entering its growing season. Fertilizing at this time provides the necessary nutrients for vigorous growth and establishment.

How do I maintain my buffalograss lawn in extreme heat and drought conditions?

During extreme heat and drought conditions, it is important to provide supplemental water to your buffalograss lawn and adjust watering frequencies to conserve water. Avoid overwatering as it can lead to shallow root growth.

Is buffalo grass a good option for a low-maintenance lawn?

Yes, buffalo grass is an excellent choice for a low-maintenance lawn. It requires less water compared to other grass types, has good drought tolerance, and typically requires less frequent mowing.

How can I achieve a lush buffalograss lawn with minimal effort?

To achieve a lush buffalograss lawn with minimal effort, choose the right fertilizer for buffalo grass, provide proper irrigation, practice regular weed control, and mow at the recommended height and frequency.

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